White and Brown fungus on Palm Trees. How to treat?
Exotic plants in your garden at the height of fashion – leading interior designers recommend including them in their interiors as well.
Homemade potted palms will give your garden a fresh look, filling it with lightness and joy.
Unfortunately, palm diseases are not uncommon. This is partly due to improper care, partly – easily spread pests.
White fungus on Palm Trees Overview
In order to prevent the death of the plant in time and cure it, it is important to know the main diseases of domestic palms, their causes and ways of protecting against them.
Diseases caused by incorrect care
Palm is a very unpretentious plant. However, with poorly organized care at home, the plant gradually dies.
An improperly organized irrigation regime is especially dangerous for domestic palms.
With excessive moisture in the substrate, root decay occurs. With insufficient watering, the roots dry out and the plant becomes nutritionally deficient.
Palm leaves lose their green pigment, turn pale, and the plant takes on an unhealthy appearance.
The automatic watering system built into the planter will protect the plant from the most common mistakes in care.
One of the signs of improper care is small brown or white specks on the leaves.
They usually arise as a result of waterlogging of the soil, a high level of water hardness for irrigation, or low air temperatures.
To cure plants from brown spots, it is necessary to establish a watering regime, use only settled water and adjust the air temperature in the room. Damaged leaves should be cut.
What does brown color mean?
The lower leaves are brown.
This is the natural aging process of domesticated palms. Treatment is not required here, you just need to remove the old leaves.
Brown leaf tips appear due to insufficient watering, dry air, or low temperatures. Over time, they can grow throughout the leaf. To prevent this phenomenon, the palm tree is sprayed, the irrigation regime and temperature are adjusted.
Spots of rounded shape with a brown halo are burned from direct sunlight. Palm is a light-loving plant, but it is afraid of direct sunlight.
Therefore, in order to prevent further spread of stains, the plant must be rearranged or shaded (for example, using blinds).
Diseases caused by Pests
Ticks are the worst enemy of all domestic palms. Small pests of red, brown or gray color, feed on the sap of the plant, affecting the underside of the leaf. It is easy to identify this pest – the leaves from below are covered with a white bloom.
In order not to be mistaken with the diagnosis, we recommend that you study the pests and the type of damage to the palm tree from photos from trusted sources.
To kill the tick, the plant is sprayed with sprays and aerosols designed to combat these pests.
The treatment procedure is carried out once a week until the complete disappearance of the parasite.
Mealybug – affects the leaves, petioles and stems of palm trees. This parasite has an oval body and a whitish color.
To kill the mealybug, the plant is sprayed with an insecticide once a week until the pest disappears.
Thrips is a black parasite with an elongated body and a pair of wings. Thrips develop well in dry warm air, so they can most often be found during the heating season.
When affected by thrips, the leaves begin to fade, lose their color and eventually wither completely.
Treatment consists of spraying the plant with insecticides. It should be noted that thrips also live in pots. Therefore, their processing is required.
Infectious plants occur due to fungal infection of the garden palm tree. Fungicides are used to destroy them. In the most advanced cases, it is even recommended to transplant the palm tree.
Regardless of the cause of the disease, the garden palm tree needs urgent treatment. Only dedicated help can save this beautiful plant.
If there is White Fungus on Palm Trees? What to do?
A correct diagnosis is important when treating a fungal infection on your palm.
Palm trees can develop leaf stains and leaf rot caused by a number of fungal infections that show similar symptoms that are caused by pests.
Young palms are especially susceptible to these pathogens, which first appear as small lesions that grow in size, eventually killing the palm leaves.
White fungus on Palm Trees – Step 1
Stop all sprinkling and protect trees from precipitation. Keeping the leaves dry is integral to preventing the growth of fungus.
Increase the distance between plants if you grow them in a nursery. This will improve air circulation and inhibit fungal growth.
Remove and discard any leaves that are heavily infested with leaf spots. In some situations, you will have to eliminate the tree itself.
Prevent leaf damage or plant injury. Stresses such as sunburn and too much water or fertilizer burns can worsen fungal infections.
Apply a fungicide to prevent further infestation of leaves that have not been infested; when a leaf stain appears, you cannot cure it. Remove any diseased leaves before applying the fungicide.
Read the instructions on the fungicide packaging and add the recommended amount along with the recommended amount of water to your spray bottle.
Spray the palm, making sure you cover both the top and bottom sides of the leaves. Use all the fungicide that is inside the sprayer tank.
How to Prevent Diseases of Domestic Palms?
Timely prevention of diseases in plants guarantees their healthy growth and development. Most of these ailments are easier to prevent than to cure, and this is easy to achieve if you keep an eye on the tree.
It will tell with all its appearance how he feels and what needs to be done. Experienced florists regularly inspect plants, they always have processing tools at hand.
The presence of diseases can be told by:
- Change in leaf color;
- Wilting of the plant;
- The appearance of various spots, plaque;
- The presence of pathological growths.
The specificity of the “clinic” depends on the specific disease, which is characterized by certain symptoms.
In order to prevent infection, it is necessary to monitor the palm tree, to maintain its vitality. It is enough to carry out certain activities, which are presented in the table:
|Method||What it includes|
|Exact watering||Often, diseases develop due to the use of too hard water, with waterlogging, or vice versa – with a lack of moisture.
Avoid tap water and use rainwater, which is cleaner and healthier than tap water.
|High quality soil||Some pests can be brought in with the soil you pick up on the site.
The mass should be baked in the oven for several minutes. It is better to buy the substrate in the store.
|Fertilizers||Diseases more often develop in palms, which receive poor nutrition.
Apply fertilizer in the right amount and you will always have a healthy flower.
|Timely transplant||When the plant is cramped in a pot, it must be transplanted. If this is not done, various diseases appear.|
Keep an eye on the plant and the risks of developing diseases will be minimal.
Examine palms regularly for various growths or abnormal growth. In the presence of pests or infection, treat with specialized products.
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